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  • California Melon Research Board
  • California Cantaloupe Advisory Board
  • California Fertilization Guidelines

    Melons

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    Preplant
    Sowing
    Flowering
    Fruit bulking
    Maturity

    Nitrogen (N)   

     

    Soil Test

    Plant Analysis

     Preplant / Starter N

      Sidedress N

    Foliar N

    X

    Phosphorus (P2O5)   

     

    Soil Test

    Plant Analysis

    Preplant / Starter P

      Sidedress P

    X

    Potassium (K2O)   

     

    Soil Test

    Plant Analysis

    Soil-Applied K

    Foliar K

    X


    TOP OF PAGE

    References:


    Nitrogen

    1. Bhella, H.S., Wilcox, G.E., 1985. Nitrogen fertilization and muskmelon growth, yield, and nutrition. Drip/Trickle Irrigation in Action: Proceedings of the Third International Drip/Trickle Irrigation Conference Vol. I, ASAE Publ. 10-85. pp. 339-345.
    2. Cabello, M.J., Castellanos, M.T., Tarquis, A.M., Cartagena, M.C., Arce, A., Ribas, F., 2011. Determination of the uptake and translocation of nitrogen applied at different growth stages of a melon crop (Cucumis melo L.) using 15N isotope. Scientia Horticulturae 130, 541-550.
    3. Cahn, M.D., Smith, R., 2013. Estimating N contribution from irrigation water containing nitrate.
    4. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    5. Contreras, J.I., Plaza, B.M., Lao, M.T., Segura, M.L., 2012. Growth and nutritional response of melon to water quality and nitrogen potassium fertigation levels under greenhouse Mediterranean conditions. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43, 434-444.
    6. de Medeiros, J.F., Duarte, S.R., Fernandes, P.D., da Silva Dias, N., Gheyi, H.R., 2008. Crescimento e acúmulo de N, P e K pelo meloeiro irrigado com água salina. Horticultura Brasileira 26, 452-457.
    7. Doerge, T.A., Pritchard, K.H., Pier, J.W., Fernandez, P., McCreary, T.W., 1991a. Nitrogen utilization efficiency in melons using soluble and slow release fertilizers. University of Arizona 1991 Vegetable Report.
    8. Doerge, T.A., Roth, R.L., Gardner, B.R., 1991b. Nitrogen fertilizer management in Arizona: Cantaloupe. University of Arizona. pp 52-54.
    9. Hartz, T., 1998. Evaluation of pre-sidedress soil nitrate testing to determine N requirements of cool season vegetables. FREP Final Report.
    10. Hartz, T.K., 2006. Nutrient requirements for high-yield hybrid melon production. Report to the California Melon Research Board.
    11. Hartz, T.K., 2007. Efficient nitrogen management for cool-season vegetables.
    12. Hartz, T., 2010. Using the pre-sidedressing soil nitrate 'quick test' to guide N fertilizer management.
    13. Hartz, T.K., Bendixen, W.E., Wierdsma, L., 2000. The value of presidedress soil nitrate testing as a nitrogen management tool in irrigated vegetable production. HortScience 35, 651-656.
    14. Hartz, T., Cantwell, M., Mickler, J., Mueller, S., Stoddard, S., Turini, T., 2008. Cantaloupe production in California. University of California Vegetable Research and Information Center.
    15. Hemphill, D., 2010. Melons: Cantaloupe, muskmelon, honeydew, Crenshaw, casaba, etc. Oregon State University Department of Horticulture.
    16. Grunes, D.L., 1959. Effect of nitrogen on the availability of soil and fertilizer phosphorus to plants. Advances in Agronomy 11, 369-396.

    17. TOP OF PAGE

    18. Lazicki, P.A., Geisseler, D., 2016. Soil nitrate testing supports nitrogen management in irrigated annual crops. California Agriculture 71(2), 90-95.
    19. Lingle, J.C., Wight, J.R., 1964. Fertilizer experiments with cantaloupes. University of California Division of Agricultural Sciences Bulletin 807.
    20. Locascio, S.J., 1993. Cucurbits: Cucumber, muskmelon, and watermelon. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 123-130.
    21. Lorenz, O.A., 1976. Cantaloupe fertilizer and growth studies. Report to the California Melon Research Board.
    22. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp. 24-29.
    23. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., May, D.B., 1977. Melon Fertilizer Studies. Report to the California Melon Research Board.
    24. Lorenz, O.A., Weir, B.L., Bishop, J.C., 1971. Effect of controlled-release nitrogen fertilizers on yield and nitrogen absorption by potatoes, cantaloupes, and tomatoes. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 97, 334-337.
    25. Pew, W.D., Gardner, B.R., 1972. Nitrogen effects on cantaloupes. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 3, 467-476.
    26. Schulbach, K., Smith, R., Hartz, T., Jackson, L., 1996. Guide to nitrogen quick-tests for vegetables with the 'Cardy' nitrate meter. FREP Final Report.
    27. Soto-Ortiz, R., 2008. Crop phenology, dry matter production, and nutrient uptake and partitioning in cantaloupe ( Cucumis melo L.) and chile (Capsicum annuum L.). Dissertation.
    28. Soto-Ortiz, R., Silvertooth, J.C., Galadima, A., 2006. Cantaloupe response to CN9TM fertilizer. University of Arizona Vegetable 2006 Report.
    29. Tyler, K.B., Lorenz, O.A., 1963. Nutrient absorption and growth of four muskmelon varieties. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 84, 364-371.
    30. University of California Small Farm Program, 2016. Fertilizing vegetables: Cantaloupes and squash.
    31. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.
    32. Wiedenfeld, R.P., 1986. Rate, timing, and slow- release nitrogen fertilizers on bell peppers and muskmelon. HortScience 21, 233-235.
    33. Wilcox, G.E., 1973. Muskmelon response to rates and sources of nitrogen. Agronomy Journal 65, 694-697
    TOP OF PAGE

    Phosphorus

    1. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    2. de Medeiros, J.F., Duarte, S.R., Fernandes, P.D., da Silva Dias, N., Gheyi, H.R., 2008. Crescimento e acúmulo de N, P e K pelo meloeiro irrigado com água salina. Horticultura Brasileira 26, 452-457.
    3. Geisseler, D., Miyao, G., 2016. Soil testing for P and K has value in nutrient management for annual crops. California Agriculture 70(3), 152-159.
    4. Hartz, T.K., 2006. Nutrient requirements for high-yield hybrid melon production. Report to the California Melon Research Board.
    5. Hartz, T.K., 2007. Efficient nitrogen management for cool-season vegetables.
    6. Hartz, T., Cantwell, M., Mickler, J., Mueller, S., Stoddard, S., Turini, T., 2008. Cantaloupe production in California. University of California Vegetable Research and Information Center.
    7. Hemphill, D., 2010. Melons: Cantaloupe, muskmelon, honeydew, Crenshaw, casaba, etc. Oregon State University Department of Horticulture.
    8. Lingle, J.C., Wight, J.R., 1964. Fertilizer experiments with cantaloupes. University of California Division of Agricultural Sciences Bulletin 807.
    9. Locascio, S.J., 1993. Cucurbits: Cucumber, muskmelon, and watermelon. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 123-130.
    10. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp. 24-29.
    11. Martuscelli, M., di Mattia, C., Stagnari, F., Speca, S., Pisante, M., Mastrocola, D., 2016. Influence of phosphorus management on melon (Cucumis melo L.) fruit quality. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96, 2715-2722.
    12. Nerson, H., Edelstein, M., Angemar, Y., 1988. Uptake and distribution of mineral nutrients in muskmelon seedlings under nitrogen and phosphorus stresses and during recovery. Plant and Soil 112, 273-278.
    13. Pettygrove, S., Hartz, T., Hanson, B., Jackson, L., Smith, R., Lockhart, T., Grattan, S., 2003. Nutrient management in cool-season vegetables. University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 8098.
    14. Reisenauer, H.M., Quick, J., Voss, R.E., 1976. Soil test interpretive guides. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1879. pp. 38-40.
    15. Soto-Ortiz, R., 2008. Crop phenology, dry matter production, and nutrient uptake and partitioning in cantaloupe ( Cucumis melo L.) and chile (Capsicum annuum L.). Dissertation.
    16. Soto-Ortiz, R., Silvertooth, J.C., Galadima, A., 2006. Cantaloupe response to CN9TM fertilizer. University of Arizona Vegetable 2006 Report.
    17. Tyler, K.B., Lorenz, O.A., 1963. Nutrient absorption and growth of four muskmelon varieties. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 84, 364-371.
    18. University of California Small Farm Program, 2016. Fertilizing vegetables: Cantaloupes and squash.
    19. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.
    TOP OF PAGE

    Potassium

    1. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    2. Contreras, J.I., Plaza, B.M., Lao, M.T., Segura, M.L., 2012. Growth and nutritional response of melon to water quality and nitrogen potassium fertigation levels under greenhouse Mediterranean conditions. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 43, 434-444.
    3. de Medeiros, J.F., Duarte, S.R., Fernandes, P.D., da Silva Dias, N., Gheyi, H.R., 2008. Crescimento e acúmulo de N, P e K pelo meloeiro irrigado com água salina. Horticultura Brasileira 26, 452-457.
    4. Geisseler, D., Miyao, G., 2016. Soil testing for P and K has value in nutrient management for annual crops. California Agriculture 70(3), 152-159.
    5. Hartz, T.K., 2006. Nutrient requirements for high-yield hybrid melon production. Report to the California Melon Research Board.
    6. Hartz, T.K., 2007. Efficient nitrogen management for cool-season vegetables.
    7. Hartz, T., Cantwell, M., Mickler, J., Mueller, S., Stoddard, S., Turini, T., 2008. Cantaloupe production in California. University of California Vegetable Research and Information Center.
    8. Hemphill, D., 2010. Melons: Cantaloupe, muskmelon, honeydew, Crenshaw, casaba, etc. Oregon State University Department of Horticulture.
    9. Jifon, J.L., Lester, G.E., 2009. Foliar potassium fertilization improves fruit quality of field-grown muskmelon on calcareous soils in south Texas. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 89, 2452-2460.
    10. Lester, G.E., Jifon, J.L., Makus, D.J., 2010. Impact of potassium nutrition on postharvest fruit quality: melon (Cucumis melo L.) case study. Plant and Soil 335,117-131.
    11. Locascio, S.J., 1993. Cucurbits: Cucumber, muskmelon, and watermelon. In: Bennett, W.F., (Ed.). Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities in Crop Plants. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul., MN. pp 123-130.
    12. Lorenz, O.A., Tyler, K.B., 1976. Plant tissue analysis of vegetable crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California, Division of Agricultural Sciences, Bulletin 1879. pp. 24-29.
    13. Reisenauer, H.M., Quick, J., Voss, R.E., 1976. Soil test interpretive guides. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1879. pp. 38-40.
    14. Soto-Ortiz, R., Silvertooth, J.C., Galadima, A., 2006. Cantaloupe response to CN9TM fertilizer. University of Arizona 2006 Vegetable Report.
    15. Tyler, K.B., Lorenz, O.A., 1963. Nutrient absorption and growth of four muskmelon varieties. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 84, 364-371.
    16. University of California Small Farm Program, 2016. Fertilizing vegetables: Cantaloupes and squash.
    17. Warncke, D.D., 2007. Nutrient management for cucurbits: melons, pumpkin, cucumber, and squash. 2007 Indiana CCA Conference Proceedings.
    18. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. New York.
    TOP OF PAGE