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    Strawberry

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    Preplant
    Transplanting
    Vegetative
    Growth
    Flowering
    Ripening
    Harvest

    Nitrogen (N)   

     

    Soil Test

    Leaf Analysis

     Preplant N

      N Fertigation

    Foliar N

    X

    Phosphorus (P2O5)   

     

    Soil Test

    Leaf Analysis

    Preplant P

    In-Season P

    Foliar P

    X

    Potassium (K2O)   

     

    Soil Test

    Leaf Analysis

    Preplant K

      K Fertigation

    Foliar K

    X


    TOP OF PAGE

    References:


    Nitrogen

    1. Albregts, E.E., Howard, C.M., 1986. Response of strawberries Fragaria-ananassa to soil and foliar fertilizer rates. HortScience 21, 1140-1142.
    2. Albregts, E.E., Clark, C.A., Stanley, C.D., Zazueta, F.S., Smajstrla, A.G., 1991. Preplant fertilization of fruiting microirrigated strawberry. HortScience 26, 1176-1177.
    3. Bendixen, W.E., 1998. Evaluation of controlled release fertilizers and fertigation in strawberries and vegetables. FREP Final Report.
    4. Bolda, M., 2011. What does nitrogen deficiency really look like in strawberry? Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    5. Bolda, M., 2012. Albino strawberry fruit. Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    6. Bottoms, T.G., Hartz, T.K., Cahn, M.D., Farrara, B.F., 2013. Crop and soil nitrogen dynamics in annual strawberry production in California. HortScience 48, 1034–1039.
    7. Cahn, M., 2012. Optimizing irrigation and nitrogen management in strawberries for improved water quality. Final Report to the Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board.
    8. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    9. Elmer, W.H., La Mondia, J.A., 1995. The influence of mineral nutrition on strawberry black root rot. Advances in Strawberry Research 14, 42-48.
    10. Ganmore-Neumann, R. Kafkafi, U., 1985. The effect of root temperature and nitrate/ammonium ratio on strawberry plants. II. Nitrogen uptake, mineral ions, and carboxylate concentrations. Agronomy Journal 77, 835-840.
    11. Hart, J., Righetti, T., Sheets, A., Martin, L.W., 2000. Strawberries (Western Oregon – West of Cascades). Oregon State University Extension Service Fertilizer Guide FG 14.
    12. Hartz, T.K., 2011. Strawberry nutrient management.
    13. Hartz, T.K., 2012. Establishing nutrient management practices for high-yield strawberry production. California Strawberry Commission Annual Production Research Report 2011-2012.
    14. Hartz, T.K. and Bolda, M., 2011. Fertilizer management in strawberry production. Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    15. Hochmuth, G. and Cordasco, K., 2009. A summary of N and K research with strawberry in Florida. University of Florida Extension Publication HS752.
    16. Hochmuth, G.J., Albregts, E.E., Chandler, C.C., Cornell, J., Harrison, J., 1996. Nitrogen fertigation requirements of drip-irrigated strawberries. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Sciences 121, 660–665.
    17. Latet, G., Meesters, P., Bries, J., 2002. The influence of different nitrogen (N) strategies on the yield and leaching in open field strawberry production. Acta Horticulturae 567, 455-458.
    18. Locascio, S.J., Martin, F.G., 1985. Nitrogen source and application timing for trickle irrigated strawberries. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Sciences 110, 820-823.
    19. Locascio, S.J., Myers, J.M., Martin, F.G., 1977. Frequency and rate of fertilization with trickle irrigation for strawberries. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science 102, 456-458.

    20. TOP OF PAGE

    21. Martinez Barroso, M.C., Alvarez, C.E., 1997. Toxicity symptoms and tolerance of strawberry to salinity in the irrigation water. Scientia Horticulturae 71, 177-188.
    22. May, G.M., Pritts, M.P., Kelly, M.J., 1994. Seasonal patterns of growth and tissue nutrient content in strawberries. Journal of Plant Nutrition 17, 1149-1162.
    23. Nelson, P.E., Wilhelm, S., 1957. Some anatomic aspects of the strawberry root. Hilgardia 26, 631-642.
    24. Nestby, R., Tagliavini, M., 2005. Foliar uptake and partitioning of urea-N by strawberry plants as affected by timing of supply and plant N status. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology 80, 272–275.
    25. Rosen, C.J., Hoover, E.E., Luby, J.J., 1988. Influence of foliar-applied N-P-K fertilizers on productivity and nutrition of June-bearing strawberries. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68, 277-282.
    26. Santos, B.M., 2010. Effects of preplant nitrogen and sulfur fertilizer sources on strawberry. HortTechnology 20, 193-196.
    27. Santos, B.M., Whidden, A.J., 2010. Nitrogen fertilization of strawberry cultivars: Is preplant starter fertilizer needed? University of Florida Extension publication HS 1116.
    28. Sas, L., Marschner, H., Roemheld, V., Mercik, S., 2003. Effect of nitrogen forms on growth and chemical changes in the rhizosphere of strawberry plants. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 25, 241-247.
    29. Strik, B., Righetti, T., Buller, G., 2004. Influence of rate, timing, and method of nitrogen fertilizer application on uptake and use of fertilizer nitrogen, growth, and yield of June-bearing strawberry. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Sciences 129, 165-174.
    30. Strik, B.C., 2013. Nutrient management of berry crops in Oregon.
    31. Tabatabaei, S.J., Yusefi, M., Hajiloo, J., 2008. Effects of shading and NO3:NH4 ratio on the yield, quality and N metabolism in strawberry. Scientia Horticulturae 116, 264–272.
    32. Tagliavini, M., Baldi, E., Lucchi, P., Antonelli, M., Sorrenti, G., Baruzzi, G., Faedi, W., 2005. Dynamics of nutrients uptake by strawberry plants (Fragaria x Ananassa Dutch.) grown in soil and soilless culture. European Journal of Agronomy 23, 15–25.
    33. Tanji, K.K., Kielen, N.C., 2002. Agricultural drainage water management in arid and semi-arid areas. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 61. FAO, Rome.
    34. Ullio, L., 2010. Strawberry fertiliser guide. State of New South Wales Primefact 941.
    35. Ulrich, A., 1976. Plant tissue analysis as a guide in fertilizing crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1879. pp. 6-8.
    36. Ulrich, A., Mostafa, M.A.E., Allen, W.W., 1992. Strawberry deficiency symptoms: A visual and plant analysis guide to fertilization. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Bulletin 1917.
    37. Walter, M., Braithwaite, B., Smith, B.J., Langford, G.I., 2008. Nutrient nitrogen management for disease control in strawberry. New Zealand Plant Protection 61, 70-79.
    38. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., NY. 351 pp.
    TOP OF PAGE

    Phosphorus

    1. Albregts, E.E., Howard, C.M., 1986. Response of strawberries Fragaria-ananassa to soil and foliar fertilizer rates. HortScience 21, 1140-1142.
    2. Bolda, M., 2011. What does nitrogen deficiency really look like in strawberry? Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    3. Bolda, M., 2012. Testing the effectiveness in strawberry of phosphorus fertilizer additions in high phosphorus concentration soils. Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    4. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    5. Grant, C.A., Flaten, D.N., Tomasiewicz, D.J., Sheppard, S.C. 2001. The importance of early season phosphorus nutrition. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 81, 211–224.
    6. Hart, J., Righetti, T., Sheets, A., Martin, L.W., 2000. Strawberries (Western Oregon – West of Cascades). Oregon State University Extension Service Fertilizer Guide FG 14.
    7. Hartz, T.K., 2011. Establishing nutrient diagnostic standards for high-yield strawberry production. California Strawberry Commission Annual Production Research Report 2010-2011. pp. 41-50.
    8. Hartz, T.K., 2012. Establishing nutrient management practices for high-yield strawberry production. California Strawberry Commission Annual Production Research Report 2011-2012.
    9. Kaya, C., Kirnak, H., Higgs D., 2001. An experiment to investigate the ameliorative effects of foliar potassium phosphate sprays on salt-stressed strawberry plants. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 52, 995–1000.
    10. Nelson, P.E., Wilhelm, S., 1957. Some anatomic aspects of the strawberry root. Hilgardia 26, 631-642.
    11. Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food, 2012. Guide to fruit production 2014-15.
    12. Penn State Cooperative Extension, 2013. The Mid-Atlantic Berry Guide, 2013–14. Chapter 6: Strawberries. pp. 49-114.
    13. Rosen, C.J., Hoover, E.E., Luby, J.J., 1988. Influence of foliar-applied N-P-K fertilizers on productivity and nutrition of June-bearing strawberries. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 68, 277-282.
    14. Strik, B.C., 2013. Nutrient management of berry crops in Oregon.
    15. Ulrich, A., 1976. Plant tissue analysis as a guide in fertilizing crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1879. pp. 6-8.
    16. Ulrich, A., Mostafa, M.A.E., Allen, W.W., 1992. Strawberry deficiency symptoms: A visual and plant analysis guide to fertilization. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Bulletin 1917.
    17. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., NY. 351 pp.
    18. Welch, N.C., Quick, J., 1981. Fertilizing summer-planted strawberries in California’s Central Coast. California Agriculture 35(9), 26-27.
    TOP OF PAGE

    Potassium

    1. Albregts, E.E., Hochnmth, G.J., Chandler, C.K., Cornell, J., Harrison, J., 1996. Potassium fertigation requirements of drip-irrigated strawberry. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Sciences 121, 164-168.
    2. Bolda, M., 2012. Albino strawberry fruit. Strawberries and Caneberries. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources Blog.
    3. California Plant Health Association, 2002. Western Fertilizer Handbook 9th edition. Interstate Publishers, Inc.
    4. Haifa, 2012. Nutritional recommendations for strawberry.
    5. Hart, J., Righetti, T., Sheets, A., Martin, L.W., 2000. Strawberries (Western Oregon – West of Cascades). Oregon State University Extension Service Fertilizer Guide FG 14.
    6. Hartz, T.K., 2011. Establishing nutrient diagnostic standards for high-yield strawberry production. California Strawberry Commission Annual Production Research Report 2010-2011. pp. 41-50.
    7. Hartz, T.K., 2012. Establishing nutrient management practices for high-yield strawberry production. California Strawberry Commission Annual Production Research Report 2011-2012.
    8. Hochmuth, G. and Cordasco, K., 2009. A summary of N and K research with strawberry in Florida. University of Florida Extension Publication HS752.
    9. Kaya, C., Kirnak, H., Higgs D., 2001. An experiment to investigate the ameliorative effects of foliar potassium phosphate sprays on salt-stressed strawberry plants. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 52, 995–1000.
    10. Khayyat, M., Vazifeshenas, M.R., Rajaee, S., Jamalian, S., 2009. Potassium effect on ion leakage, water usage, fruit yield and biomass production by strawberry plants grown under NaCl stress. Journal of Fruit and Ornamental Plant Research 17, 79-88.
    11. Locascio, S.J., Saxena, G.K., 1976. Effects of potassium source and rate and nitrogen rate on strawberry tissue composition and fruit yield. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 80, 173-176.
    12. Martinez Barroso, M.C., Alvarez, C.E., 1997. Toxicity symptoms and tolerance of strawberry to salinity in the irrigation water. Scientia Horticulturae 71, 177-188.
    13. Nelson, P.E., Wilhelm, S., 1957. Some anatomic aspects of the strawberry root. Hilgardia 26, 631-642.
    14. Penn State Cooperative Extension, 2013. The Mid-Atlantic Berry Guide, 2013–14. Chapter 6: Strawberries. pp. 49-114.
    15. Strik, B.C., 2013. Nutrient management of berry crops in Oregon.
    16. Tanji, K.K., Kielen, N.C., 2002. Agricultural drainage water management in arid and semi-arid areas. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 61. FAO, Rome.
    17. Ullio, L., 2010. Strawberry fertiliser guide. State of New South Wales Primefact 941.
    18. Ulrich, A., 1976. Plant tissue analysis as a guide in fertilizing crops. In: Reisenauer, H.M. (Ed.). Soil and Plant-Tissue Testing in California. University of California Cooperative Extension Bulletin 1879. pp. 6-8.
    19. Ulrich, A., Mostafa, M.A.E., Allen, W.W., 1992. Strawberry deficiency symptoms: A visual and plant analysis guide to fertilization. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Bulletin 1917.
    20. Weaver, J.E., Bruner, W.E., 1927. Root development of vegetable crops. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., NY. 351 pp.
    21. Welch, N.C., Quick, J., 1981. Fertilizing summer-planted strawberries in California’s Central Coast. California Agriculture 35(9), 26-27.
    TOP OF PAGE